What is Li-Fi?
Li-Fi stands for Light Fidelity and works on
Visible Light Communications (VLC) system.
Harald Hass in a TED Talk in 2011 demonstrated this new Li-Fi can fully replace Wi-Fi. Li-Fi is a wireless optical networking technology that uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for data transmission.
How does Li-Fi work?
Just like Wi-Fi uses radio waves, Li-Fi uses visible light spectrum to transmit data. Li-Fi works by very fast modulation of intensity of light emmitted by an LED which can’t be noticed by human eye.
Operational procedure is very simple –
if intensity is high, it transmits a digital 1
if its low it transmits a 0.
All you need is some
LED and a controller .
The LED light source acts as a Li-Fi router having specific IP address. The LED
remain connected to a server. Any device under that light can access the internet.
Our Model Circuit
This is how real Li-Fi works
Benefits of Li-Fi over Wi-Fi
High speed(about 100 Gbps in lab environment)
Secure from any hacking attacks
No harmful radiations
Underwater data transmission
Applications of Li-Fi
Every light post can serve as an internet hotspot. Moreover automatic cars can communicate amongst themselves for a safer ride.
Places like petrochemical industries and hospitals where radio frequency can’t be used Li-Fi can be a safer choice.
Li-Fi can be used in airlines without affecting airways communication.
Li-Fi can even wok underwater were Wi-Fi fails completely, thereby throwing open endless opportunities for military and navigation operations.
Some Images and Video of the Project
LED -> Rs 7
Switch -> Rs 10
Resistor (100 ohm) -> Rs 2
Audio Jack -> Rs 0 (reused from scrap earphone)
Battery (9V-500mAh) -> Rs 15
Solar Panel (3W) -> Rs 150 (from
AlienSolar) Socket (Aux) -> Rs 15
Total project cost Rs 199.
Conclusion The possibilities are numerous and can be explored further. If this technology can be put into practical use, every bulb can be used something like a Wi-Fi hotspot to transmit wireless data and we will proceed toward the cleaner, greener, safer and brighter future.
This project was done by
Debarghya Basu, Gourab Kumar Chakraborty, Jyotishman Acharyya and Anudeep Jana.
They are the engineering students of
Techno India, Salt Lake, Kolkata.
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